Increasing Access to Affordable, Flexible, Clean Mobility Services
Both carsharing and ride-hailing services can increase public access to clean, affordable mobility options. The deployment of a shared-use mobility service that uses electric vehicles (EVs) can expand access to clean transportation for residents of economically diverse regions in Connecticut. Shared-use mobility services can be used for trips best suited for personal vehicles, or in cases where public transit is not available. For example, studies have shown that ride-hailing complements current public transit options late at night when transit services are unavailable .
The primary purpose of carsharing and ride-hailing services are analogous; each service helps to increase the user’s access to flexible and affordable mobility. The adoption of shared-use mobility services can reduce consumer costs associated with vehicle ownership, reduce vehicle emissions, and reduce traffic congestion . For some consumers, shared-use mobility services can be an alternative to personal vehicle ownership. Carsharing services reduces household vehicle ownership and regional emissions  .
Reaching Underserved Communities
Improved transportation access creates economic opportunities for households in underserved communities, and access to vehicles for personal use improves employment outcomes . Shared-use mobility services can help ensure that low-income residents with limited mobility options can access schools, jobs, grocery stores, and other frequent destinations. Services that use EVs can also improve the air quality in these communities .
Existing public transit routes do not always accommodate the transportation needs of households without access to a personal vehicle, leaving these neighborhoods underserved. In those communities, a flexible shared-use mobility program can help since they do not have the same time or route restrictions as typical public transit services . These services can also connect users to transportation modes by offering first- or last-mile connections to transportation hubs including train stations, airports, and public transportation centers  . For carsharing and ride-hailing, the price, infrastructure, and outreach of the service must be organized such that those in need are well-positioned to take advantage of a program.
Expanding the EV Market in Connecticut
Greater EV adoption in Connecticut offers economic and environmental benefits at the local and state level. EV deployment is the most promising way to reduce emissions from the transportation sector in Connecticut. When considering current federal and state policies, EVs offer lifetime cost savings over gasoline vehicles resulting in more discretionary funds for drivers and potentially increased consumer spending. In addition, Connecticut has extensive local electricity generation capacity, which increases the likelihood that funds spent fueling with electricity will stay in the state’s economy .
Through public-private partnerships, local governments can help stimulate new EV markets and expand existing markets by deploying EVs for shared-use mobility programs. Shared-use mobility programs that use EVs can amplify the environmental and economic benefits of fewer vehicles on the road. With fewer personal vehicles on the road, shared-use mobility programs can potentially lead to public savings in infrastructure and emission controls . Successful deployment of shared-use mobility program with EVs can also increase exposure to the technology in underserved communities .